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The Supreme Court will rule on Friday on Facebook’s appeal over a High Court decision to refer key issues concerning the validity of European Commission decisions approving EU-US data transfer channels to the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU). 
The referral was made by the High Court in proceedings by the Data Protection Commissioner (DPC) arising from complaints by Austrian lawyer Max Schrems that the transfer of his personal data by Facebook to the US breached his data privacy rights as an EU citizen. 
The core issue the Supreme Court must decide in Facebook’s appeal, heard last January, is whether there is any right to appeal over a referral decision. 
The appeal concerns an October 2017 High Court judgment by Ms Justice Caroline Costello and her subsequent referral in May 2018 of issues for determination by the CJEU. 
The judgment was given in a case brought by DPC Helen Dixon, arising from the complaints by Mr Schrems, against Facebook Ireland – because Facebook’s European headquarters are here – and Mr Schrems. 
No formal orders were sought against them and the core issue concerned the validity of data transfer channels known as Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs). 
Ms Justice Costello directed a referral to the CJEU of 11 issues concerning the validity of European Commission decisions approving the SCCs. 
Entitled to appeal 
Facebook argued before the Supreme Court last January it was entitled to appeal the referral. 
It also disputed several of the High Court’s findings, including that the DPC had “well founded” concerns about “mass indiscriminate processing” of data by US government agencies under programmes authorised there. 
The US government was involved in the appeal as an amicus curiae, assistant to the court on legal issues. 
It supported Facebook’s argument that no reference to the CJEU is required in light of the Privacy Shield agreement between the EU and US and the European Commission’s determination the US ensures an adequate level of protection for personal data transferred under the Privacy Shield. 
A lawyer for the DPC said she had concerns whether the measures provided for under the Privacy Shield were comparable to the remedy available to EU citizens for breach of data privacy rights under Article 47 of the EU Charter. 
Mr Schrems opposed the appeal with his lawyers arguing Facebook had failed to identify an error by the High Court. 
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